Fuerzas armadas de Canadá

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Fuerzas armadas de Canadá

Mensaje por Siant el Dom 1 Mar 2015 - 21:21

Buenas noches estimados compañeros. He creado este tema, con el fin de iniciar el debate acerca de las Fuerzas Armadas de Canadá, el cuál es un país soberano de Norteamérica, cuya forma de gobierno es la monarquía parlamentaria federal. Su territorio está organizado en diez provincias y tres territorios y cuya capital es la ciudad de Ottawa.




 





Se conoce como Fuerzas Armadas Canadienses, al mando unificado de los componentes de tierra, mar y aire que operan en Canadá, a saber:


  1. Marina Real Canadiense/ Royal Canadian Navy/ Marine Royale Canadienne.
  2. Ejército Canadiense/ Canadian Army/ Armée Canadienne
  3. Real Fuerza Aérea Canadiense/ Royal Canadian Air Force/ Aviation Royale du Canada


El Comandante en Jefe de las Fuerzas Armadas Canadienses es la reina Elizabeth II, representada por el Gobernador General de Canadá. Luego, en la línea de mando, se encuentra el Jefe del Estado Mayor de la Defensa (Chief of the Defence Staff/ Chef d'etat-major de la défense), el cual posee las principales responsabilidades en materia de control, comando y administración de las fuerzas, a la vez de las estrategias militares, planes y requerimientos. Éste (al que denominaremos CDS) también encabeza el Consejo de las Fuerzas Armadas Canadienses (Armed Forces Council/ Conseil des forces armées), el cual cumple la función de aconsejar y sugerir al CDS medidas respecto al control, comando y administración de las fuerzas armadas, y se compone del Vice Jefe de Estado Mayor de la Defensa (Vice Chief of the Defence Staff/ Vice-Chef d'etat-major de la défense), a la vez de los comandantes de la marina, aviación, y ejército, en conjunción con los comandantes del Comando de Fuerzas de Operaciones Especiales de Canadá (Canadian Special Operations Forces Command/ Commandement des Forces d'opérations spéciales du Canada), del Comando de Operaciones Conjuntas de Canadá (Canadian Joint Operations Command/ Commandement des opérations interarmées du Canada), Comando de Inteligencia de las Fuerzas Canadienses (Canadian Forces Intelligence Command/Commandement d'intelligence des Forces canadiennes), y el Jefe de Personal Militar (Chief of Military Personnel).








Saludos


Última edición por Siant el Dom 30 Ago 2015 - 0:57, editado 1 vez
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Re: Fuerzas armadas de Canadá

Mensaje por Siant el Vie 19 Jun 2015 - 11:52



Pequeña visita al HMCS Charlottetown (FFH 339) - Fragata Clase Halifax
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Re: Fuerzas armadas de Canadá

Mensaje por Siant el Vie 19 Jun 2015 - 11:56

HMCS Algonquin (DDG 283) makes way into Pearl Harbor for RIMPAC 2010



Clase Iroquois
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Iroquois Class Air Defence Destroyers, Canada

Mensaje por Siant el Dom 21 Jun 2015 - 13:49

Iroquois Class Air Defence Destroyers, Canada


The Iroquois Class air defence destroyers were built by Marine Industries and Davie Shipbuilding for the Canadian Navy. The warships are also known as Tribal Class destroyers.  Originally built as anti-submarine warfare destroyers in the 1970s, these ships were modified as area air defence destroyers through a major upgrade programme in the 1990s.
Three ships are currently in service with the Canadian Forces Maritime Command, while one ship was decommissioned in March 2005.
The keel for the lead destroyer in class, HMCS Iroquois (DDH 280), was laid down in January 1969. It was launched in November 1970 and commissioned in July 1972. HMCS Huron (DDH 281) was laid down in June 1969, launched in April 1971 and commissioned in December 1972. It was decommissioned in March 2005.
HMCS Athabaskan (DDH 282) was laid in June 1969, launched in November 1970 and commissioned in November 1972.
The last vessel in class, HMCS Algonquin (DDG 283), was laid down in September 1969. It was launched in April 1971 and commissioned in November 1972.
"The Iroquois Class is armed with a Martin Marietta MK 41 vertical launch system."

Iroquois Class destroyer design



Originally built for long-range anti-submarine warfare, the destroyers are designed to carry two CH-124 Sea King helicopters. About half of the space is allocated for a helicopter platform. There is a hangar for helicopters.
The destroyers are also fitted with two triple-mount torpedo launchers to complement the helicopters.
The other weapon systems fitted are Otobreda 127/54 Compact 5in multi-purpose gun and two Sea Sparrow launchers. The ships are powered by two Pratt & Whitney FT12-AH3 gas turbines complemented by two FT4-A2 gas turbines. The design also includes Y-shaped funnels.

Iroquois Class modifications



The Athabaskan was modified at CFB Halifax in August 1990 before its deployment in Operation Friction, Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm (the Gulf War). These modifications added mine-avoidance sonar, a Phalanx 20mm close-in weapon system and shoulder launched Blowpipe and Javelin missiles.
The entire class was modified for air defence roles as a part of the Tribal Class Update and Modernization Project (TRUMP) in the early 1990s.
The new weapons included were the Mk.41 VLS for SM-2 Block III long-range anti-aircraft missiles. The original 5in gun was replaced with the Oto Melara 76mm gun and a Phalanx CIWS was added for point-defence. The Sea Sparrow launchers were removed.
The Pratt & Whitney FT-12 cruise turbines were replaced with Allison 570-KF engines. The new engine configuration had increased the full load displacement to 5,100t. The original split funnel was replaced by a single type funnel.

Command and control



The ship is equipped with advanced electronic systems and a computer-driven command and control system.
The system collects data from the ship's sensors, other surface fleet units, aircraft and satellites and displays real-time info and imagery for the operators.

Weapon systems



The Iroquois Class is armed with a Martin Marietta MK 41 vertical launch system (VLS) firing 29 Standard SM2 Block IIIA surface-to-air missiles.
"The Iroquois Class is powered by a two shaft combined gas or gas system."
The main gun fitted forward is an OTO Melara 76mm (3in) super rapid gun.
A 20mm six-barrelled Vulcan Phalanx gatling gun installed in the ship can fire up to 3,500 rounds per minute.
There are two 324mm MK 32 triple tubes fitted for MK46 active / passive homing torpedoes.

Iroquois helicopter system



The Iroquois Class has a helicopter deck and hangar space to allow the operations of two twin engine CH 124 Sea King medium range helicopters.
These helicopters are equipped with variable depth sonar, radar and two MK 46 anti-submarine torpedoes. The helicopters can detect and track vessels and submarines at long ranges.

Sensors / radars



The destroyer is equipped with AN/SPQ 501 DA-08 radar and LW-08 AN/SPQ 502 radar from Signal (know Thales Netherland). The sonars include SQS-510 hull mounted sonar and SQS-510 variable depth sonar (VDS).

Propulsion



The Iroquois Class is powered by a two shaft combined gas or gas (COGOG) system.
The propulsion system includes two Pratt & Whitney FT4A2 boost gas turbines of 50,000shp and two GM Allison 570KF cruise gas turbines of 12,800shp.
These engines drive two five-bladed variable reversible pitch propellers. The propulsion system provides a maximum speed of over 29kt and a maximum range of 4,500 miles at 20kt speed.

http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/iroquoisclassairdefe/
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Halifax Class Frigates, Canada

Mensaje por Siant el Dom 21 Jun 2015 - 13:53

Halifax Class Frigates, Canada


Saint John Shipbuilding is the prime contractor for the Halifax Class frigate or Canadian Patrol Frigate programme. Nine of the 12 ships were constructed at the Saint John shipyards in Saint John, New Brunswick and three ships at Marine Industries Shipyards in Sorel. The multi-purpose frigates were commissioned between 1992 and 1997.
Halifax Class frigates, HMCS Regina and Fredericton, were deployed to conduct maritime interdiction operations in the Persian Gulf in support of the international campaign against terrorism.

Halifax Class modernisation programme / frigate life extension (HCM/FELEX)

In June 2007, the Canadian government launched a project to upgrade the Halifax Class frigates. The upgrade will include: new command system, Harpoon missile system upgrade, radar suite, interrogator friend or foe (IFF) mode S/5, tactical data links and countermeasures suite.
Related projects include the evolved Sea Sparrow missile system (ESSM) and the Thales Sirius infrared search and track system (IRST).
Refit began on the first frigate, HMCS Halifax, in October 2010 and all 12 frigates will be upgraded by 2017. The first upgraded frigate entered service in 2012.
In September 2007, Lockheed Martin Canada (with a team including Saab Systems, IBM Canada, xwave and CAE Professional Services), General Dynamics Canada (with Thales Nederland, Thales Canada, General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems and Raytheon) and Team Horizon (MDA and Atlas Elektronik with EADS Canada) were selected to bid for the combat systems integrator (CSI) programme. The General Dynamics team and Team Horizon declined to bid.
"The Halifax Class multi-purpose frigates were commissioned between 1992 and 1997."
The Lockheed Martin team proposed the CanACCS-9LV Canadian advanced command and control system, based on the Saab9LV combat system. Lockheed Martin Canada was awarded contracts for the modernisation and support in September 2008.
As well as being principal subcontractor for the combat system, Saab will also supply two CEROS 200 fire control systems for each vessel. L-3 Communications was awarded the contract for the integrated platform management system (IPMS) in January 2009.
In March 2009, L-3 Communications awarded a $2.5m contract to Northstar Electronics to provide standard marine consoles and local operating panels for the IPMS. Northstar received an add-on contract in September 2009 to supply consoles for land-based trainers of the ships. Another contract worth $450,000 was awarded in August 2011 to supply additional control panels and machine control facilities.

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Command and control

The SHINPADS integrated processing and display system, supplied by Lockheed Martin Canada, provides a distributed architecture command and weapon control capability. The system uses about 15 AN/UYK-501 workstations manufactured by General Dynamics – Canada (formerly Computing Devices Canada).
The ship's communications control and monitoring system (CCMS) was supplied by SED Systems of Saskatoon. Lockheed Martin Electronic Systems Canada supplied the message processing system.

Missiles

The ship's surface-to-surface missile is the Boeing Harpoon block 1C. The two quadruple launch tubes are installed at the main deck level between the ship's funnel and the helicopter hangar. The Harpoon missile uses active radar homing to deliver a 227kg warhead to a range in excess of 130km.
The Sea Sparrow vertical launch surface-to-air missile uses semi-active radar homing to deliver a 39kg warhead at speed Mach 1.6 to a range of 15km. The eight-cell launchers are installed port and starboard of the funnel.

Guns

The main gun on the bow deck is a 57mm 70 mk2 gun from Bofors. The gun is capable of firing 2.4kg shells at a rate of 220 rounds a minute to a range of more than 17km.
"The ship's surface-to-surface missile is the Boeing Harpoon block 1C."
One Raytheon / General Dynamics Phalanx mk15 mod 1 close-in weapon system is mounted on the roof of the helicopter hangar. The six barrels of the Phalanx provide a firing rate of 3,000 rounds a minute.
The Canadian Navy has ordered upgrade kits to convert to the Phalanx block 1B. The block 1B upgrade includes a Thales Optronics HDTI5-2F thermal imager, improved Ku-band radar and longer gun barrel with a dual firing rate of 3,000 or 4,500 rounds a minute.
Deliveries of the new upgrade kits began in September 2002.

Torpedoes

The ship's two twin 324mm mk32 mod 9 torpedo tubes are installed at the bow end of the helicopter hangar. The torpedoes are the ATK (Alliant TechSystems) Mark 46 lightweight anti-submarine torpedo. The torpedo has a speed of 45kt and is equipped with active and passive homing and a 44.5kg warhead.

Helicopter

The ship has a helicopter deck with a single landing spot. The deck is fitted with a RAST (recovery, assist, securing and traversing) system supplied by Indal Technologies of Ontario, allowing the launch and recovery of helicopters in up to sea state 6.
The hangar can accommodate a 15t helicopter such as the Sikorsky CH-124A Sea King.

Countermeasures

The ship's decoy system comprises four BAE Systems Shield mk2 decoy launchers which fire chaff to 2km and infrared rockets to 169m in distraction, confusion and centroid seduction modes. The torpedo decoy is the AN/SLQ-25A Nixie towed acoustic decoy from Argon ST (formerly Sensytech) of Newington, Virginia.
The ship's radar warning receiver, the Canews (Canadian electronic warfare system), SLQ-501, and the radar jammer, SLQ-505, were developed by Thorn (now Thales) and Lockheed Martin Canada.

Sensors

Two Thales Nederland (formerly Signaal) SPG-503 (STIR 1.Cool fire control radars are installed – one on the roof of the bridge and one on the raised radar platform immediately forward of the helicopter hangar.
"The Sea Sparrow vertical-launch surface-to-air missile uses semi-active radar homing to deliver a 39kg warhead 15km."
The ship is also fitted with Raytheon SPS-49(V)5 long-range active air search radar operating at C and D bands, Saab Microwave Systems (formerly Ericsson) HC150 Sea Giraffe medium-range air and surface search radar operating at G and H bands, and Kelvin Hughes Type 1007 I-band navigation radar.
In April 2006, the Canadian navy placed an order for 13 Sirius long-range Infrared Search and Track (IRST) systems with DRS Technologies Canada and Thales Nederland as major subcontractor. Sirius is a dual waveband (3-5 and 8–12 micron) surveillance system.
12 systems are for the Halifax frigates and one for land-based training. The first system, for training was delivered in May 2008.
The sonar suite includes the CANTASS Canadian towed array supplied by General Dynamics – Canada (GD-C), formerly Computing Devices of Canada and GD-C AN/SQS-510 hull-mounted sonar and incorporates an acoustic range prediction system. The sonobuoy processing system is the GD-C AN/UYS-503.

Propulsion

The Halifax is powered by a CODOG (combined diesel or gas) propulsion system with two GE LM2500 gas turbines and one SEMT-Pielstick 20PA6 V280 diesel engine. The propulsion system provides a maximum speed of over 30kt. CAE provided the integrated machinery control system, which was upgraded with flat screen monitors.
http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/halifax/
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Re: Fuerzas armadas de Canadá

Mensaje por Batalla de Matasiete el Dom 21 Jun 2015 - 18:13

Siant escribió:

Pequeña visita al HMCS Charlottetown (FFH 339) - Fragata Clase Halifax

Tan finos esos chambergo/gorro de ala blanda de color blanco (¿o grises claros?) que usa el personal de abordo.

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Re: Fuerzas armadas de Canadá

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